After an accident any departure from full awareness, even for a few minutes, suggests that the brain has been damaged, if only temporarily. Anyone who passes out or feels dazed or confused after a blow to the head should see a doctor.
Concussion is usually the result of a blow to the head. Symptoms include shallow breathing, cold, clammy, pale skin, nausea, temporary loss of consciousness (a few seconds), and sometimes temporary loss of memory.
Compression is a serious condition in which internal bleeding or a cranial fracture causes increased pressure inside the skull, and therefore pressure on the brain. Compression sometimes follows concussion, but symptoms may not appear for up to 24 hours. Breathing becomes noisy, temperature rises but the person does not sweat, the pulse is full but slow, the pupils of the eyes dilate to different degrees, and one side of the body may become paralysed; eventually the person lapses into unconsciousness.
The first thing to do is check the person's breathing and pulse (see Breathing, Circulation) and if necessary put the person in the recovery position (see Unconsciousness) and treat for Shock. Then contact Emergency Medical Services. Check the pulse every 5 minutes while waiting for help, and give a full account of your observations when help arrives.
Specific remedy to be given even 15 minutes for up to 10 doses once casualty regains consciousness
- Rigid back and general muscle spasm, dilated pupils, mental confusion Cicuta 30c every 6 hours until person recovers
- Where the person claims he or she has never fully recovered from a head injury Natrum sulph. 30c every 8-12 hours for up to 10 doses